Ma Kai, male, Han nationality, is a native of Jinshan District of Shanghai. He was born in 1946, joined the CPC in 1965, and graduated from the Department of Politics and Economy of the Chinese People's University in 1982.
Ma Kai has spent his career in Beijing, initially with the Xicheng Planning Commission. In the mid-1990s he was elected deputy chief of the National Planning Commission. Ma Kai has served as deputy secretary-general of the State Council from 1998 to 2003, and he was also Minister of the National Development and Reform Committee from 2003-2008.
Ma was a member of the 16th and 17th CPC Central Committees. He was also State Councilor of State Council, Secretary-General of State Council.
He is President of the National School of Administration. In 2012, he became member of the Politburo of the 18th CPC Central Committee. In 2013 he became Vice-Premier of the State Council.