Ma Xiaowei, male, Han nationality, is a native of Wutai county, Shanxi Province. He was born in 1959, joined the CPC in 1982, and graduated from the Medical Treatment Department of China Medical University. Ma spent his medical career at China Medical University since the early 1980s. Subsequently, he held posts at the Department of Health of Liaoning Province. Ma Xiaowei was appointed vice-minister of the Ministry of Public Health in 2001.
From 2013 to 2018 he was Deputy Director of the National Health and Family Planning Commission. In 2018 that agency was folded and Ma became the Director of the newly formed National Health Commission.