Song, male, Han nationality, is a native of Shunyi County, a suburb of Beijing. Born in 1937, he joined the CPC in 1958 and was a postgraduate in the Machinery Department of Qinghua University in 1968.
Song spent his career in the political life of Sichuan province. After eight years in business, where he specialized in machinery and welding, serving as deputy director and director of several companies in Zigong, he became deputy Secretary of the CPC Zigong City Committee, moving on to become secretary of the committee in 1986. In 1988, he became a member of the CPC Provincial Committee, as well as director of the Sichuan Provincial Committee, where he also headed the committee for restructuring the economy. He served two terms as governor of Sichuan province.
Song was an alternate member of the 14th CPC Central Committee and a member of the 15th CPC Central Committee. In 2001, he became deputy director of the State Council Office for Restructuring the Economy and in 2003 he became a Vice-Chairman of the Subcommittee for Handling Proposals of the CPPCC National Committee.