Cai Fang, male, Han nationality, is a native of Beijing. He was born in 1956 and graduated from the Agricultural Economics Department at Renmin University of China in 1982. Cai received a Master's Degree in Economics from the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 1985 and earned a Doctorate of economics from the same institution in 1989.
Since serving as a deputy researcher at the Institute of Rural Development at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Cai has held several leadership positions with the academy. He was then deputy director of the academy's Institute of Population Studies and then was dean of the demology Department at the academy's graduate school. A former chief editor of the Chinese Population Sciences magazine, Cai later directed the academy's Institute of Population Studies.
He is the co-author of "The Miracle of China, Development Strategy and Economic Reform," "The Chinese Ongoing Agricultural Economic Reform," and "Competition, Policy Burden and Reform of State-Owned Enterprises" with Lin Yifu and Li Tong.