Fan Gang, male, Han nationality, was born in 1953. He graduated from the Economics Department at Hebei University with a political economics major in 1982. Fan studied Western economics in the Economics Department at the Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences from 1982 to 1985. He then served as a researcher in the National Economy Research Bureau and Harvard University from 1985 to 1987, receiving a Doctorate degree in Economics in 1988.
A former farmer in the Heilongjiang Production and Constructions Corps, Fan joined the Institute of Economics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 1988. He later served as the institute's deputy director before becoming secretary-general of the China Reform Foundation. At the foundation, he also directed the institute of national economy research.
Fan is a professor at Peking University as well as the Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. His writings focus on macroeconomics and shunt economics, including "The Comparison and Integration of the Three Main Modern Economics Theory System." In 2000, he edited "Finance Market and State-Owned Enterprises Reform" and co-wrote "Chinese Macroeconomic Policy Facing the New Era" with Zhang Xiaojing.