Zheng Shanjie was born November 1961 in Zhangzhou, Fujian. After graduating from Nanjing Tech University in 1982, he was dispatched to a factory, where he worked over a period of 15 years to the position of factory manager. He joined the Communist Party of China in June 1985.
In May 1997, he was transferred to Xiamen and appointed district head of Huli District. In February 2002, he served as deputy secretary-general of Xiamen Municipal People's Government and director of General Office of Xiamen Municipal People's Government. In March 2003, he became director and party branch secretary of Xiamen Development Planning Commission. In April 2008, he left for Fuzhou, capital of Fujian province, where he was appointed deputy director of Fujian Development and Reform Commission. He rose to become director in May 2010.
On February 1, 2015, he was elevated to vice-governor of Fujian. In August 2015, he was transferred to Beijing and appointed deputy director of National Energy Administration. In April 2017, he succeeded Li Yafei as deputy director of Taiwan Affairs Office. On December 15, 2017, he was appointed party chief of Ningbo and a member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Zhejiang Provincial Committee. On May 14, 2018, he was promoted to deputy party chief of Zhejiang.
On September 4, 2020, he was appointed deputy governor and acting governor of Zhejiang. On September 29, he was elected governor at the Fourth session of the 13th Zhejiang Provincial People's Congress.
|2020—||Governor, People's Government Zhejiang Province|
|2018—2020||Deputy Sectretary, CPC, Provincial Committee Zhejiang Province|
|2017—2020||Secretary, CPC, City Committee Zhejiang Province, Ningbo City|
|2017—||Member, CPC, Provincial Committee, Standing Committee Zhejiang Province|
|2017—2017||Deputy Director, Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council|
|2015—2017||Deputy Director, Zhejiang Province, Ningbo City Beijing Municipality|
|2015—2015||Vice-Governor, People's Government Fujian Province|