Wang Wenyuan, Han nationality, was born in Beijing in 1931. He studied economics in Shenyang, Liaoning Province and was president of the Economic College of Liaoning University from 1958 to 1988. He held various executive positions with the Jiusan Society in Liaoning Province during the same period.
Wang served as vice-governor of Liaoning Province from 1988 to 1992, was a member of the CPPCC Liaoning Provincial Standing Committee, served as deputy procurator general of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, and was also vice-chairman of the Jiusan Society Central Committee.
He was a member of the 7th, 8th and 9th CPPCC National Committees.