Zhou Guangzhao, male, Han nationality, was born in 1929 in Changsha, Hunan Province.
He graduated from the physics department of Qinghua University in 1951, joined the CPC in 1952, and, beginning in 1954, did postgraduate work in theoretical physics at Beijing University. From 1957 to 1960, he was a researcher at the Dubra joint nuclear research institute in Moscow.
After 1961, Zhou specialized in nuclear weapons research and development in various institutes and industries. His work earned him widespread recognition and numerous awards. He was acknowledged as a pioneer in advancing the theory of the spiral amplitude of particles and in establishing a relevant mathematical method. He was an advisor regarding research on detonation physics, radiation hydrodynamics and computing methods in mechanics. He participated in the design and manufacture of China's first atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb and satellites in the 1960s and early 1970s. He was the author of more than 80 papers, including "The Relativistic Theory of Polarized Particle Reaction," "Parial Conservation of Axial Currents," and "Reactions of Polarized Particles with Zero Masses." He was president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences from 1987 to1997.
Zhou was chairman of the 5th National Committee of the China Association for Science and Technology, vice-chairman of the 9th NPC Standing Committee, and a member of the 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th CPC Central Committees.
|1999||(Recipient, Medal from the CPC Central Committee for Work on Nuclear Weapons and Satellites)|
|1998—2003||Vice-Chairman, 9th Standing Committee of the NPC|
|1998—????||Honorary President, Chinese People's Association for Peace and Disarmament|
|1997—2002||Member, 15th CPC, Central Committee|
|1996||(Asteroid No. 3462, found in 1996 by Chinese astronomers, was named after Zhou Guangzhao)|
|1996—????||Chairman, State Science and Technology Commission|
|1996—????||Member, State Leading Group for Science and Technology|
|1996—||Vice-President, China Physics Society|
|1993—????||Vice-Chairman, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry|
|1992—1997||Member, 14th CPC, Central Committee|
|1987—1997||President, Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|1987—1992||Member, 13th CPC, Central Committee|
|1984—1987||Vice-President, Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|1982—1984||Director, Tsinghua University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality|
|1982—1987||Member, 12th CPC, Central Committee|
|1982||(Winner, 1st Prize, State Award for Natural Sciences)|
|1982—1984||Director, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Theoretical Physics|
|1982—1984||Professor, Beijing University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality|
|1980—1982||Visiting Professor, University of California|
|1980—1982||Visiting Professor, University of Virginia USA, Virginia, Charlottesville|
|1961—1980||Director, Ministry of Machinery Industry, Institute of the 9th Research Academy|
|1961—1980||Chief Engineer, Ministry of Nuclear Industry, 9th Bureau|
|1961—1980||Director, Nuclear Weapons Research Institute|
|1961—1980||Deputy Director, Nuclear Weapons Research Institute, Theoretical Department|
|1957—1961||Researcher, Dubra Joint Nuclear Research Institute Russia, Moscow|
|1954—1957||Lecturer, Tsinghua University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality|
|1954—1957||Lecturer, Beijing University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality|
|1951—1954||Postgraduate Student, Beijing University, Theoretical Physics Department Beijing Municipality|
|1951||Graduate, Tsinghua University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality|