Compiled from the following sources:

Special biographic research
Wen Wei Publishing Company, Ltd. 2002-2006

Who's Who, Current Chinese Leaders
Wen Wei Publishing Company, Ltd. 2003-2005

Zhongguo Gongchandang Lijie Zhongyang Weiyuan Dacidian, 1921-2003
Beijing: Zhonggong dangshi chubanshe 2004

Revision History:

Biography Revised: 5/23/2003
Career Data Updated: 7/11/2007

PHOTO: Zhou Guangzhao
Zhou Guangzhao 周光召
Chairman of the 5th National Committee of the China Association for Science and Technology, Leading Nuclear Physicist
Born: 1929


Zhou Guangzhao, male, Han nationality, was born in 1929 in Changsha, Hunan Province. He graduated from the physics department of Qinghua University in 1951, joined the CPC in 1952, and, beginning in 1954, did postgraduate work in theoretical physics at Beijing University. From 1957 to 1960, he was a researcher at the Dubra joint nuclear research institute in Moscow.

After 1961, Zhou specialized in nuclear weapons research and development in various institutes and industries. His work earned him widespread recognition and numerous awards. He was acknowledged as a pioneer in advancing the theory of the spiral amplitude of particles and in establishing a relevant mathematical method. He was an advisor regarding research on detonation physics, radiation hydrodynamics and computing methods in mechanics. He participated in the design and manufacture of China's first atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb and satellites in the 1960s and early 1970s. He was the author of more than 80 papers, including "The Relativistic Theory of Polarized Particle Reaction," "Parial Conservation of Axial Currents," and "Reactions of Polarized Particles with Zero Masses." He was president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences from 1987 to1997.

Zhou was chairman of the 5th National Committee of the China Association for Science and Technology, vice-chairman of the 9th NPC Standing Committee, and a member of the 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th CPC Central Committees.

Career Data

1999 (Recipient, Medal from the CPC Central Committee for Work on Nuclear Weapons and Satellites)
1998—2003 Vice-Chairman, 9th Standing Committee of the NPC
1998—???? Honorary President, Chinese People's Association for Peace and Disarmament
1997—2002 Member, 15th CPC, Central Committee
1996 (Asteroid No. 3462, found in 1996 by Chinese astronomers, was named after Zhou Guangzhao)
1996—???? Chairman, State Science and Technology Commission
1996—???? Member, State Leading Group for Science and Technology
1996— Vice-President, China Physics Society
1993—???? Vice-Chairman, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
1992—1997 Member, 14th CPC, Central Committee
1987—1997 President, Chinese Academy of Sciences
1987—1992 Member, 13th CPC, Central Committee
1984—1987 Vice-President, Chinese Academy of Sciences
1982—1984 Director, Tsinghua University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality
1982—1987 Member, 12th CPC, Central Committee
1982 (Winner, 1st Prize, State Award for Natural Sciences)
1982—1984 Director, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Theoretical Physics
1982—1984 Professor, Beijing University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality
1980—1982 Visiting Professor, University of California
1980—1982 Visiting Professor, University of Virginia USA, Virginia, Charlottesville
1961—1980 Director, Ministry of Machinery Industry, Institute of the 9th Research Academy
1961—1980 Chief Engineer, Ministry of Nuclear Industry, 9th Bureau
1961—1980 Director, Nuclear Weapons Research Institute
1961—1980 Deputy Director, Nuclear Weapons Research Institute, Theoretical Department
1957—1961 Researcher, Dubra Joint Nuclear Research Institute Russia, Moscow
1954—1957 Lecturer, Tsinghua University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality
1954—1957 Lecturer, Beijing University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality
1952 Joined, CPC
1951—1954 Postgraduate Student, Beijing University, Theoretical Physics Department Beijing Municipality
1951 Graduate, Tsinghua University, Physics Department Beijing Municipality

Compare the backgrounds and careers of an unlimited number of officials whose biographies you have recently viewed.

Recently Viewed [clear all]
Biographies [clear]
 Select officials you would like to compare:
Zhou Guangzhao
Strict comparison Relaxed comparison
Appearances [clear]
Institutions [clear]
Locations [clear]
Searches [clear]